• Human EEG responses to 1–100 Hz flicker: resonance phenomena in visual cortex and their potential correlation to cognitive phenomena
    Ten human subjects were presented flickering light at frequencies from 1 to 100 Hz in 1-Hz steps. The event-related potentials exhibited steady-state oscilla- tions at all frequencies up to at least 90 Hz. Interestingly, the steady-state potentials exhibited clear resonance phenomena around 10, 20, 40 and 80 Hz. This could be a potential neural basis for gamma oscillations in binding experiments.

    • Keywords: Alpha · EEG · Gamma · Flicker · Resonance · SSVEP · Steady-state potentials

    Exp Brain Res (2001) by Christoph S. Herrmann.:

  • Perceptual Echoes at 10 Hz in the Human Brain
    These findings suggest a role for the alpha rhythm in the maintenance of sensory representations over time.

    • EEG responses to random visual inputs contain a 10 Hz echo of the stimulation
    • These echoes last up to 1 s (much longer than classic visual-evoked potentials)
    • The echoes are tied to the occipital alpha rhythm but enhanced by attention
    • The alpha rhythm may serve a role in maintaining sensory representations over timeRufin VanRullen & James S.P. Macdonald (2012).:
  • From Stroboscope to Dream Machine: A History of Flicker-Induced Hallucinations
    When early neurophysiologists, like William Grey Walter (1910–1977), started using intermittent photic driving in electroencephalography, they were struck by a wide range of visual hallucinations that were reported. In current neuro- science, the phenomenon is used mainly to model hallucina- tions that are related to altered neuronal activity between the thalamus and the visual cortex, such as the Charles Bon- net syndrome. However, during the psychedelic 1960s, Brion Gysin (1916–1986), a painter and a poet, became interested in the hallucinations and designed his own stroboscope or dream machine, as a means for spiritual enlightenment. This article traces back the history of flicker-induced hallucina- tions from the early use of stroboscopes in neurophysiology
    B.C. ter Meulena    D. Tavya    B.C. Jacobsb (2009).:Lucid Dreaming: A State of Consciousness with Features of Both Waking and Non-Lucid Dreaming
    The goal of the study was to seek physiological correlates of lucid dreaming. Lucid dreaming is a dissociated state with aspects of waking and dreaming combined in a way so as to suggest a specific alteration in brain physiology for which we now present preliminary but intriguing evidence. This study shows that the unusual combination of hallucinatory dream activity and wake-like reflective awareness and agentive control experienced in lucid dreams is paralleled by significant changes in electrophysiology.
    Ursula Voss, PhD (2009).:
  • A theory of alpha/theta neurofeedback, creative performance enhancement, long distance functional connectivity and psychological integration
    Professionally significant enhancement of music and dance performance and mood has followed training with an EEG-neurofeedback protocol which increases the ratio of theta to alpha waves using auditory feedback with eyes closed.
    John Gruzelier (2008).:

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