- Human EEG responses to 1–100 Hz flicker: resonance phenomena in visual cortex and their potential correlation to cognitive phenomena
Ten human subjects were presented flickering light at frequencies from 1 to 100 Hz in 1-Hz steps. The event-related potentials exhibited steady-state oscilla- tions at all frequencies up to at least 90 Hz. Interestingly, the steady-state potentials exhibited clear resonance phenomena around 10, 20, 40 and 80 Hz. This could be a potential neural basis for gamma oscillations in binding experiments.
- Keywords: Alpha · EEG · Gamma · Flicker · Resonance · SSVEP · Steady-state potentials
Exp Brain Res (2001) by Christoph S. Herrmann.:
- Perceptual Echoes at 10 Hz in the Human Brain
These findings suggest a role for the alpha rhythm in the maintenance of sensory representations over time.
- EEG responses to random visual inputs contain a 10 Hz echo of the stimulation
- These echoes last up to 1 s (much longer than classic visual-evoked potentials)
- The echoes are tied to the occipital alpha rhythm but enhanced by attention
- The alpha rhythm may serve a role in maintaining sensory representations over timeRufin VanRullen & James S.P. Macdonald (2012).:
- From Stroboscope to Dream Machine: A History of Flicker-Induced Hallucinations
When early neurophysiologists, like William Grey Walter (1910–1977), started using intermittent photic driving in electroencephalography, they were struck by a wide range of visual hallucinations that were reported. In current neuro- science, the phenomenon is used mainly to model hallucina- tions that are related to altered neuronal activity between the thalamus and the visual cortex, such as the Charles Bon- net syndrome. However, during the psychedelic 1960s, Brion Gysin (1916–1986), a painter and a poet, became interested in the hallucinations and designed his own stroboscope or dream machine, as a means for spiritual enlightenment. This article traces back the history of flicker-induced hallucina- tions from the early use of stroboscopes in neurophysiology
B.C. ter Meulena D. Tavya B.C. Jacobsb (2009).:Lucid Dreaming: A State of Consciousness with Features of Both Waking and Non-Lucid Dreaming
The goal of the study was to seek physiological correlates of lucid dreaming. Lucid dreaming is a dissociated state with aspects of waking and dreaming combined in a way so as to suggest a specific alteration in brain physiology for which we now present preliminary but intriguing evidence. This study shows that the unusual combination of hallucinatory dream activity and wake-like reflective awareness and agentive control experienced in lucid dreams is paralleled by significant changes in electrophysiology.
Ursula Voss, PhD (2009).:
- A theory of alpha/theta neurofeedback, creative performance enhancement, long distance functional connectivity and psychological integration
Professionally significant enhancement of music and dance performance and mood has followed training with an EEG-neurofeedback protocol which increases the ratio of theta to alpha waves using auditory feedback with eyes closed.
John Gruzelier (2008).:
- Meditation, mindfulness and executive control: the importance of emotional acceptance and brain-based performance monitoring, results from a new EEG study
In this study the researchers look more at why meditation is effective in enhancing executive control, and not so much if it’s effective.
Teper R, & Inzlicht M (2012).:
- A mindfulness-acceptance-commitment-based approach to athletic performance enhancement: Theoretical considerations
Frank L. Gardner, Zella E. Moore (2003).:
- Electroencephalographic (EEG) Measurements of Mindfulness-based Triarchic Body-pathway Relaxation Technique: A Pilot Study
Agnes S. Chan Æ Yvonne M. Y. Han, Mei-chun Cheung. (2008)
- The Clinical Guide to Light and Sound
- Photic Stimulation Enhancement of Peak Alpha Frequency and High/Low Alpha Ratio
Thomas Budzynski, Ph.D.:
- On the Methodology of EEG Analysis During Altered States of Consciousness
- More Publications by Emil Jovanov
Emil Jovanov, Ph.D.:
- Gamma-Band Activity Reflects the Metric Structure of Rhythmic Tone Sequences
- More Publications by Edward Large
Edward W. Large, Ph.D.:
- Attending or Discriminating 40 Hz Modulated Tones Induces Phase-Locked Subharmonic Resonances in EEG
Scott Makeig, Ph.D.:
- Abstract: Effects of Rhythmic Drumming on EEG and Subjective Experience
Work by Melinda Maxfield, Ph.D.:
See all here : http://www.stanford.edu/group/brainwaves/2006/research.html